CentOS7 安装远程桌面

Xrdp是Microsoft远程桌面协议(RDP)的一个开源实现,它允许以图形方式控制远程系统。使用RDP,您可以登录到远程计算机并创建一个真正的桌面会话,就像您登录到本地计算机一样。
系统环境
  • 服务端:Centos7.7 Minimal
  • 客户端:Windows10
安装桌面环境

本实验中安装的系统没有安装桌面环境,我们需要自己安装,如果已经安装桌面了清跳过这一步。Centos7提供了”Cinnamon Desktop”,”MATE Desktop”,”GNOME Desktop”,”KDE Plasma Workspaces”,”LXQt Desktop”,”Xfce”让我们安装。

下面的命令列出可用环境组:

[root@localhost ~]# yum grouplist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
There is no installed groups file.
Maybe run: yum groups mark convert (see man yum)
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
 * epel: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Available Environment Groups:
   Minimal Install
   Compute Node
   Infrastructure Server
   File and Print Server
   Cinnamon Desktop
   MATE Desktop
   Basic Web Server
   Virtualization Host
   Server with GUI
   GNOME Desktop
   KDE Plasma Workspaces
   Development and Creative Workstation
Available Groups:
   Cinnamon
   Compatibility Libraries
   Console Internet Tools
   Development Tools
   Educational Software
   Electronic Lab
   Fedora Packager
   General Purpose Desktop
   Graphical Administration Tools
   Haskell
   LXQt Desktop
   Legacy UNIX Compatibility
   MATE
   Milkymist
   Scientific Support
   Security Tools
   Smart Card Support
   System Administration Tools
   System Management
   TurboGears application framework
   Xfce
Done

我们可以选择自己喜欢的桌面环境,在这里选择安装Xfce桌面:

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install epel-release && yum groupinstall Xfce
安装Xrdp
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install xrdp

安装完成之后,设置开机启动并启动xrdp

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start xrdp && systemctl enable xrdp

创建~/.Xclients,设置默认启动xfce4桌面

[root@localhost ~]# echo "xfce4-session" > ~/.Xclients
[root@localhost ~]# chmod +x .Xclients
在客户端远程连接

Centos7安装Xrdp远程桌面服务Centos7安装Xrdp远程桌面服务

Centos7安装Xrdp远程桌面服务Centos7安装Xrdp远程桌面服务

Centos7安装Xrdp远程桌面服务Centos7安装Xrdp远程桌面服务

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